mobility of highly skilled workers has become an inseparable and regular phenomenon which has resulted shortage of professionals’ in developing countries. Mobility of professional from emerging economies, particularly from India, China and some Eastern European countries, is not a new phenomenon, however over the last few years rate of migration has amplified which has drawn attention of the policymakers and researchers. This has also reflected in the immigration policies of major host industrialised countries which have shifted their focus to attract highly skilled workers from other countries. Consequently, professionals’ mobility has increased from India and Russia to developed countries and the outflow of professionals resulted brain drain in these countries. This can be linked to globalisation which is a driving force for promoting demand of skilled manpower in international labour market demand. Therefore, in this paper an attempt is made to analyse the mobility pattern of highly skilled workers from India and Russia and policy issues responsible for the outflow of professionals. There are certain limitations of empirical analysis of the study due to paucity of mobility data but earlier studies confirm that mobility of professionals to developed countries from India and Russia has spurred over the last few years. However, mobility of professionals between India and Russia is not observed except few exceptions. Further, academic collaboration has increased over the years and post 90s period witnessed a growth of joint research publications between India and Russia.
ОПИСАНИЕ НА ДРУГОМ ЯЗЫКЕ:
Мобильность высококвалифицированных кадров и научное сотрудничество в Индии и России
Национальный институт технологии науки иисследований развития К. С. Кришнан Марг, Нью-Дели, Индия
Институт технологии и науки Бирла, Пилани, Раджастан, Индия