The Cross-Border Mobility Of Students: A Perspective From BRIC Countries
National Institute of Science Technology & Development Studies, New Delhi
Institute of the History of Science and Technology, Russian Academy of Sciences
КЛЮЧЕВЫЕ СЛОВА: STUDENT MOBILITY, HOST COUNTRIES, BRIC, LIBERALIZATION, CROSS-BORDER MIGRATION, INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION
Policies of economic liberalization have transformed the socio-economic structure across the world. This has led to a flow of knowledge and ideas by increasing the cross-border mobility of students, in particular, from developing countries to developed countries. It has also affected higher education and students from developing countries who are looking towards the USA and Europe for their studies. Though the mobility of students to other countries for higher education is not a recent phenomenon, it has recently increased significantly. Consequently, host countries are making efforts to attract more foreign students to their universities. We observe that newly industrialized countries, such as India and China, are a major source of international students and are the largest recipients of US science and engineering doctoral degrees. Therefore, in this paper we attempt to analyse the emerging pattern of student migration for higher education from BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China) to the USA and vice versa. The analysis indicates that BRIC countries offer a big market for flow of students to the USA, which could affect future pathways of international students’ mobility.