How Russian Science Is Being Reconstructed? (The Historical-Sociological Analysis Of Reforms For The Last 20 Years)
ASHEULOVA NADIA A., KOLCHINSKY EDUARD I.
Institute for the History of Science and Technology, named after Sergey I. Vavilov, St Petersburg Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
КЛЮЧЕВЫЕ СЛОВА: REFORM OF RUSSIAN SCIENCE, HISTORICAL-SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS, TRANSFORMATION OF SCIENCE, ACADEMIC PERSONNEL, SCIENTISTS’ ADAPTATION TO SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHANGES, MOBILITY OF SCIENTISTS, PROBLEMS OF SCIENTISTS’ REPRODUCTION
The paper looks at the path traveled by Russian science in the last two decades from the concrete-historical and sociological perspective. Reform of science is explored, concrete data of empirical sociological polls conducted by the Centre for Sociology of Science and Science Studies, St. Petersburg branch of the Institute for the history of science and technology named after Sergey I. Vavilov, Russian Academy of Sciences, as well as results of an annual monitoring of the Academy institutions’ work are provided. Development of science in Russia is summed up, conditions of its functioning that could secure Russia’s innovative future are formulated.