Comparative Enrolment Growth At Different Levels Of Education And Dissemination Of ICT: A Case Of BRIC Countries
National Institute of Science Technology and development Studies, New Delhi, India
NMIMS University, Mumbai, India
КЛЮЧЕВЫЕ СЛОВА: EDUCATION, INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT), ICT INDICATORS, BRIC COUNTRIES
Fast growth of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has facilitated access to information as well as communication across the world. However, penetration of ICT is not homogeneous in the developed and developing countries consequently there is an increase in the information gap between these regions. There may be several reasons for asymmetrical dissemination like GDP, education etc. but education plays an important role in the penetration of a new product or technology. Therefore, in this paper an attempt is made to present a comparative growth of enrollment at diff erent levels of education and linkages between levels of educational attainment and diff usion of ICT indicators. The paper is divided into two sections (i) to analyse enrollment trends at primary, secondary and tertiary level and (ii) to investigate relationship between levels of educational attainment and diff usion of ICT indicators; Internet user, Internet user and personal computers per 100 populations in Brazil, China, India which are the constituent of BRIC economies and USA. Results show that enrollment at primary level in Brazil, China and USA is expected to decline whereas in the case of India it may increase. Likewise enrollment at secondary and tertiary level in China, India and USA may increase in future. Analysis also indicates positive correlation between enrollment at primary level and penetration of Internet users personal computers in India whereas in the case of tertiary level it shows weak correlation. In the case of tertiary level except India there is a strong correlation between penetration of Internet and personal computers. Further, it may be noticed that in the case of Brazil secondary education shows negative correlation in all cases.
ОПИСАНИЕ НА ДРУГОМ ЯЗЫКЕ:
Сравнительный анализ уровней образования и распространения ИКТ: случай стран БРИК
Национальный институт исследований науки, технологий и развития. Нью Дели, Индия