Price’s law of exponential growth holds for the Journal of Molecular Biology (JMB), a journal created in 1959 and which was arguably at that time the most important of the discipline. In this paper, this growth is detailed according to countries, scientists, topics, at the early stage of the history of the journal, from 1959 to the 1970s, thanks to databases (Scopus, Pudmed) as well as manual analysis. The aim of the paper is to check whether in several subfields of molecular biology, Price’s views on the relationship between little science (at the scientist level) and big science (from the statistical point of view) are fruitful. During this period, which by some scientists has been considered as the “golden age” of molecular biology, important scientific problems were solved (genetic code, DNA replica- tion) and in the 1970s, their applications -genetic engineering technology- emerged. The growth of the journal was exponential, as expected by Price’s law, but outpaced the prediction, with a shorter doubling-time than 15 years. Thus, JMB is a suitable case for a more detailed analysis of its scientific content and of the relationship between statistical growth and scientific trends at the bench.
АННОТАЦИЯ: В статье анализируются реформы науки и образования в России. Представлены данные социологического исследования, демонстрирующие степень адаптации научного сообщества к новым условиям функционирования науки. Особенное внимание уделяется программам академической мобильности, направленным на установление сотрудничества с ведущими учеными мирового масштаба, в том числе из представителей российской диаспоры. Приводится опыт Индии и Китая по возвращению экспатриантов в образовательные и исследовательские центры.
ОПИСАНИЕ НА АНГЛИЙСКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ:
New organizational Forms of Science in Russia: The Role of Mobility
Dushina Svetlana A., Asheulova Nadia A.
St Petersburg Branch of the History of Science and Technology named after Sergey I. Vavilov, Russian Academy of Sciences, St Petersburg, Russia
Reforms of science and education in Russia have been discussed in this article. Results of sociological researches represent degree of adaptation of scientific society to new conditions of life of science. Author pays attention to programs of academic mobility intended to collaborate with leading world scientists including representatives of Russian scientific migration. Experience of India and China concerning of re-emigration in educational and scientific institutes are brought in the article.