Soviet Experts In Chinese Academy Of Science: Historical Review Of Cooperation And Exchange Between Chinese And Soviet Academy Of Sciences In The 1950s
Institute for the History of Natural Sciences Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing
КЛЮЧЕВЫЕ СЛОВА: SOVIET EXPERT IN CHINA, PLANNING AND ORGANIZATION OF THE NATIONAL SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH, THE PLAN OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT, CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
After the establishment of The People’s Republic of China in 1949, to learn from Soviet Union was the most realistic fast way to build a new country. Under the advocacy of Chairman Mao Zedong, the whole China was fired with the zeal of learning from Soviet. As a whole, in the scientific and technological exchange and cooperation between Chinese and Soviet Academy of Sciences during 1952-1966, there were three most distinctive and representative points. Since 1954, dozens of Soviet advisors and experts came to China in succession to help Chinese Academy of Sciences draw up the plan, establish new research institutes and disciplines, and launch numerous highly effective research activities. Since the signing at the end of 1957, the cooperation agreement between Chinese and Soviet Academy of Sciences had lasted for nearly 10 years and now still plays an active role in the academic progress of Chinese Academy of Sciences. Numerous Chinese students studying in Soviet Union are now the research backbone in each discipline after their return to China, and exert great influence so far. This article will narrate and assess the work of Soviet experts in Chinese Academy of Sciences during this period.